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작성자지모 조회 1회 작성일 2021-07-22 11:37:40 댓글 0

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Image Sensors Explained: How CCD and CMOS Sensors works? CCD vs CMOS

In this video, modern-day image sensors like, CCD (Charge Coupled Device) and CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) have been briefly explained. And the comparison between CCD and CMOS sensor is carried out in various aspects.

Both CCD and CMOS sensors consist of an array of tiny photosites (pixels) which converts incoming light into the charge.

The following steps are common in both CCD and CMOS sensors, but the sequence in which it is carried out might differ in two sensors.

1. Conversion of incoming light into the charge
2. Charge Accumulation
3. Charge Transfer
4. Charge to Voltage Conversion
5. Voltage amplification

CCD Sensor:

In case of CCD Sensor, the incoming light is converted into charge, and then charge to voltage conversion is carried out, outside the sensor area.
Most CCD sensor has a single charge to voltage conversion circuit and single amplifier. So, charge from each pixel is transferred to the next row (or next column) and eventually to the shift register.
In shift register, the charge is transferred one by one and then it is converted into the voltage.

CMOS sensor:

In case of CMOS sensor, the charge to voltage conversion and voltage amplification is carried out in the pixel itself. So, each pixel has its own charge to voltage converter circuit and voltage amplifier circuit. Such CMOS sensor pixels (which contains amplifier) are known as the active pixel sensor.
In case of CMOS sensor, the reading of the pixel voltage is carried out in line by line fashion.

Comparision of CCD and CMOS sensors:

1. System integration:
In case of CMOS sensor as the peripheral circuit is also integrated into the sensor chip itself. While in case of CCD sensor, for peripheral components, the different chip is required.

2. Power Consumption:
CMOS requires less power than CCD Sensors.

3. Processing Speed:
CMOS sensor is much faster than CCD sensors.

4. Noise and sensitivity
CCD sensor has less noise than CMOS sensor and also it has better sensitivity. But nowadays using different techniques like microlens on each pixel of CMOS sensor, the sensitivity can be increased.

Time stamps for the different topics are given below:

0:34 Overview of CCD and CMOS Sensors

1:36 How CCD Works?

2:53 How CMOS sensor Works?

4:01 Comparision between CCD and CMOS Sensors

4:11 Comparision in terms of the system integration

4:51 Comparision in terms of Power Consumption

5:37 Comparision in terms of the Processing Speed

6:33 Comparison in terms of the Noise and Sensitivity

7:25 Comparision in terms of the image distortion

This video will be helpful to all in understanding the CCD and CMOS image sensors.

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CCD: The heart of a digital camera (how a charge-coupled device works)

Bill takes apart a digital camera and explains how its captures images using a CCD (charge coupled device). He also shares how a single CCD is used with a color filter array to create colored images. This video is based on a chapter from the EngineerGuy team's latest book Eight Amazing Engineering Stories (Learn more at http://www.engineerguy.com/elements)

Switching to a cooled CCD/CMOS Camera: 5 Things we wish we knew before imaging

Written post: https://www.galactic-hunter.com/post/dslr_to_ccd_camera
Here are 5 tips for people who just bought a cooled Astrophotography camera and are not familiar with what's new with it compared to their DSLR camera.
1) Gain and Binning: 2 new settings
2) Filters and how to use them (LRGBHaSIIOIII)
3) Needs its own power supply
4) Letting it cool down all the way before starting imaging
5) How to attach it in relation to the filter wheel, telescope and adapter

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Check out our books: https://www.galactic-hunter.com/books

Galactic Hunter takes you on mysterious adventures to other worlds. Whether we are visiting planets, galaxies, nebulae, comets, or star clusters, the goal of Galactic Hunter is to teach you astronomy through one of the most rewarding hobbies: Astrophotography. Join my wife and I in our galactic adventures, and question everything you know about what lays outside of our little world.

Do not forget to vote for the next target in the comments, and visit the website where you can see a gallery of our older captures.

Website: http://www.galactic-hunter.com
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Thanks to Nasa/ESA/Hubble for their 3D animations.

Beginner DSLR Astrophotography Equipment Guide: https://www.galactic-hunter.com/post/dslr-astrophotography-equipment
Full list of our equipment: https://www.galactic-hunter.com/blog/our-full-astrophotography-equipment

Below you can find our affiliate links from our partners at Oceanside Photo \u0026 Telescope.
The Basics:
CMOS Camera: ASI 1600MM Pro - http://bit.ly/2pbF7c0
DSLR Camera: Canon 7D Mark II - https://amzn.to/2RDeDcq

Telescope: Orion 8” f/3.9 Newtonian Astrograph Reflector - http://bit.ly/2NgKcYm

Mount: Orion Atlas Q-G Computerized GoTo Mount - http://bit.ly/2Jr3ZD9

Guiding: ZWO ASI 290MM MINI - http://bit.ly/2MRTmvt

Coma: Baader MPCC Mark III Coma Corrector - http://bit.ly/2WlEV5M

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